Advanced Canine Reproductive Services
Provided at Countryside Animal Health Center

Dr. Jocelynn Jacobs

Dr. JacobsDr. Jacobs is one of the very few breeder-veterinarians that specializes in canine reproduction here in the United States. She has been doing canine reproduction since 1991, and as senior veterinary student, she was awarded the Small Animal Theriogenology (reproduction) Award. As a breeder, she has owner-handled and finished over 25 dogs to their championships, and won Best of Breed, Best of Opposite Sex, and the Top Ten Competition at the Alaskan Malamute National Specialties over the years.

Because she is a breeder herself, she KNOWS the concerns you have as a breeder. She understands the expense of raising high quality dogs, providing premium health care, and showing expenses. So, when it comes to breeding your dogs, she understands the care you have taken to select the “perfect” mate for your dog and how important it is to get them pregnant at the optimal time. She understands how important freezing their semen may be and the impact of that frozen semen on future generations. And when it comes a successful breeding, getting every one of the puppies birthed and viable is top of mind for her.

Dr. Jacobs is focused on combining biotechnology, veterinary services, and information technology to provide high quality reproductive medicine for your breeding stud and bitch. She is knowledgeable about emerging trends and best practices in veterinary diagnostics. She practices with attention to critical detail, dedication to service and a high level of professionalism.

Reproductive Services provided

Advanced Examination Services

  • Fertility Examinations
  • Reproductive Organ Evaluation and Treatment
  • Reproductive Ultrasonography
  • Neonatal & Pediatric Medicine
  • Genetic Counseling
  • DNA Profiles

Advanced Surgical Services

  • Caesarean Sections
  • Uterine and Ovarian Evaluation and Treatment
  • Surgical Inseminations

Advanced Diagnostics & Treatment

  • Hormone Testing/Cycle Timing
    • Estrogen
    • Progesterone
    • LH Testing
  • Vaginal Cultures
  • Vaginal Smears
  • Vaginoscophy
  • Pregnancy Diagnotics
    • Relaxin Blood Tests (Pregnancy Test)
    • Radiographs
  • Inseminations
    • Vaginal Inseminations
    • Trans-Cervical Inseminations
    • Uterine Surgical Inseminations
  • OFA Hip, Elbow and Patella Evaluations

Canine Semen Procedures & Services

  • Semen Collection
  • Complete Semen Evaluations
  • Fresh Chilled Semen Collection, Processing and Shipments
  • Fresh Chilled Semen Insemination

Frozen Semen Certified

  • Frozen Semen Collection & Processing
  • Frozen Semen Storage (on-site)
  • Frozen Semen Insemination (TCI & Surgical)

Types of Semen Inseminations in Dogs

Puppy produced with fresh semen and a vaginal artificial insemination.

Puppy produced with fresh semen and a vaginal artificial insemination.

Vaginal Insemination

Recommended for:

  1. Young bitches with no history of fertility problems
  2. Middle aged bitches that have already had 1-2 litters with no history of fertility or reproductive health problems (no history of pyometras, vaginal or uterine infections)
  3. Fresh or fresh chilled semen where we have a large volume of seminal fluid available

Advantages of Vaginal Inseminations:

  1. Least expensive
  2. Can do as many times as the breeder requests during the heat cycle
  3. Less invasive of all the insemination methods
  4. No anesthesia required
  5. Owner can watch the procedure

Disadvantages of Vaginal Inseminations:

  1. Can’t see what the vaginal area looks like
  2. Can’t see what the uterus or ovaries look like (thus not recommended for bitches with fertility or conception problems or small litter histories)
  3. Can’t guarantee the cervix is open or the cervix does not an abnormality
  4. Need larger volume of semen

Trans-Cervical Insemination (TCI)

Recommended for:

  1. Young bitches with no history of fertility problems
  2. Middle aged bitches that have already had 1-2 litter with no history of fertility or reproductive health problems
  3. Fresh or fresh chilled semen where we have a large or moderate volume of seminal fluid available
  4. Male’s semen is valuable and it is extremely important to know the semen is getting into the uterus directly.

Advantages of TCI:

  1. Moderate in expense compared to Surgical Inseminations. If 2 TCI’s are done during the same heat cycle, the 2nd one is done at ½ price at our veterinary clinic
  2. Can see the vaginal area and cervix during the procedure
  3. Deposits the semen directly into the uterus – we get thru the cervix directly to the uterus
  4. No general anesthesia required
  5. Good for smaller breeds with lower semen volume
  6. Owner/breeder can watch the procedure on the TV screen
  7. Can do as many times in a heat cycle as the owner requests

Disadvantages of TCI:

  1. Can’t see what the uterus or ovaries look like (again, not recommended for bitches with fertility or conception problems or small litter histories)
  2. Semen is deposited in the uterus but NOT by the ovaries
  3. Costs more than a vaginal AI
  4. Occasionally bitches may need mild sedation if they are excitable
  5. Occasionally because of individual dog’s anatomy, the cervix is difficult to get into and the semen may need to be deposited next to the cervix instead (rare)

Surgical Insemination

Recommended for:

  1. ANY bitch that has had ANY reproductive disorder or fertility issue. General rule of thumb: if the bitch has not gotten pregnant after 2 breedings that were timed properly with progesterones, they MUST have a surgical insemination done so the uterus and ovaries can be evaluated during the insemination.
  2. Older females (over 6 years of age) that have never been bred before
  3. Can be done on any age, size, breed of bitch any time
  4. Used for fresh or fresh-chilled semen that is low in volume or from an aged male
  5. Must be used for all frozen semen inseminations if a larger litter is desired – surgical insemination is the ideal method for all frozen semen breedings
  6. The male’s semen is valuable and it is important to make sure the semen is deposited next to the ovaries

Advantages to Surgical Inseminations:

  1. Can see the uterus and ovaries directly and evaluate their health
  2. Can inseminate with a small volume of semen or low semen quality
  3. Semen is deposited in the uterus directly next to the ovaries
  4. Dog goes home the same day as the procedure
  5. At CAHC we have a very high conception rate and a high litter size using this insemination method

Disadvantages to Surgical Inseminations:

  1. Most expensive insemination procedure
  2. Can only do this procedure once during a heat cycle (can repeat next heat cycle though)
  3. Can not evaluate vaginal area
  4. Dog must be under general anesthesia, shaved and prepped for surgery

Success Rates

Data collected from January 2004-December 2012 (8 years)
All dogs had progesterone testing prior to breeding to pin-point peak conception dates

Fresh Chilled or Freshly Collected Semen Results:

Vaginal Artificial Inseminations Transcervical Inseminations Surgical Inseminations
70.0% success rate 66.66% success rate 81.25% success rate
Average of 6.41 puppies* Average of 5.18 pups per breeding* Average of 5.0 pups per breeding*

Frozen Semen with Surgical Insemination Results:

71.43% success rate Average of 4.85 pups per breeding
(about 5 pups)*

Note: The average number of puppies listed is for ALL breeds (large and small breeds). Litter size will vary with the size of the breed, thus smaller breeds may have had litters of only 1 or 2, while larger breeds may have had litters of 9 or 10, but the “average” number of puppies for ALL breeds is listed (so, not all Chihuahuas are going to have litters of 5 pups!)

Reproductive Article Library

All articles available on this website have been written by Dr. Jocelynn Jacobs for various books and publications. You may down-load them and read them as you wish. Any reproduction of articles for additional books or publications need to have Dr. Jacobs’ approval before doing so.

Topics Available:

Beta-carotene – Boosting Your Dog’s Immune System

Canine Brucellosis

Common Causes of Diarrhea

Common Congenital Heart Conditions

Conditioning your dog

C-Sections – Does Your Bitch Need One

Cushing’s Disease – A Case Study

Do Female Dogs Experience Menopause

False Pregnancies

Feeding A Healthy Heart

Is She Pregnant – Methods for Pregnancy Detection

Mastitis – It’s Not Just For Cows

Nutritional Managing Diarrhea

Preparing For Your Litter – Whelping Box Hints and Considerations